2024 Interim Budget Analysis

  • FM Sitharaman said that the government pulled 25 crore people out of poverty in ten years. She noted that the government provided free food for 80 crore people through various schemes.
  • Direct benefit transfers of Rs. 34 lakh crore through PM Jan Dhan Yojana accounts have led to savings of ₹2.7 lakh crore.
  • The PM Vishwakarma Yojana scheme provides end-to-end support to artisans. The government provided credit assistance to 78 lakh street vendors under the PM-SVANidhi scheme. 30 crore Mudra Yojana loans disbursed to women entrepreneurs.
  • Upskilling and reskilling were a focus for the government, and over 1.4 crore youth were trained under the Skill India Mission. 43 crore loans sanctioned under the PM Mudra Yojana. The government will also expand the ‘Lakhpati Didi’ scheme to empower rural women and boost the rural economy.
  • The government highlighted the role the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor can play in world trade.
  • The government will pay more attention to developing the east to fuel India’s growth.
  • Inflation has moderated and is within the target band (2%–6%).
  • Economic growth has picked up, and the average real income of people has increased by 50%.
  • The government will subsidise the construction of 30 million affordable houses in rural areas.
  • The Centre will encourage cervical cancer vaccination and combine maternal and child health care schemes into one comprehensive programme.
  • The Ayushman Bharat scheme will be expanded to all ASHA workers, Anganwadi workers, and helpers.
  • The government should encourage ‘Nano DAP’ for various crops and expand its use in all agro-climatic zones.
  • It will also formulate policies to support dairy farmers and defeat foot and mouth disease.
  • The government will formulate a strategy to achieve AtmaNirbharta (self-reliance) for oilseeds. This will cover research for high-yielding varieties, procurement, value addition, and crop insurance.
  • A new department—Matsya Sampada—is to be set up to address the needs of fishermen.
  • 40,000 normal rail bogies will be converted to Vande Bharat standards. Government to enhance the safety, convenience, and safety of passengers. The government should focus on metros in a bid to provide transit-oriented development.
  • The government has announced several schemes to turn net zero by 2070. This includes providing funding to harness offshore wind energy generation for an initial capacity of 1 gigawatt, procuring biomass aggregation machinery, and expanding the e-vehicle sector by encouraging more manufacturing and charging infrastructure.
  • Spends on capital expenditure have been increased to ₹11.11 lakh crore for 2024–25. The government will continue on the path of fiscal consolidation to reduce the fiscal deficit to 4.5% in 2025–26.
  • The government proposed to maintain the same tax rates for direct and indirect taxes, including import duties.
  • The government borrowings on a gross and net basis for 2024–25 are at Rs. 14.13 lakh crore and Rs. 11.75 lakh crore, respectively, lower than 2023-24.

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